➤ [Epub] ➞ Racism without Racists: Color-Blind Racism and the Persistence of Racial Inequality in the United States By Eduardo Bonilla-Silva ➮ – Lectinshield.co.uk

Racism without Racists: Color-Blind Racism and the Persistence of Racial Inequality in the United States files Racism without Racists: Color-Blind Racism and the Persistence of Racial Inequality in the United States, read online Racism without Racists: Color-Blind Racism and the Persistence of Racial Inequality in the United States, free Racism without Racists: Color-Blind Racism and the Persistence of Racial Inequality in the United States, free Racism without Racists: Color-Blind Racism and the Persistence of Racial Inequality in the United States, Racism without Racists: Color-Blind Racism and the Persistence of Racial Inequality in the United States a3fecfc8b The First Edition Of This Best Selling Book Showed That Alongside The Subtle Forms Of Discrimination Typical Of The Post Civil Rights Era, New Powerful Ideology Of Color Blind Racism Has Emerged Bonilla Silva Documented How Beneath The Rhetorical Maze Of Contemporary Racial Discourse Lies A Full Blown Arsenal Of Arguments, Phrases, And Stories That Whites Use To Account For And Ultimately Justify Racial InequitiesIn The New Edition Bonilla Silva Has Added A Chapter Dealing With The Future Of Racial Stratification In America That Goes Beyond The White Black Dichotomy He Argues That The US Is Developing A Complex And Apparently Plural Racial Order That Will Mimic Latin American Patterns Of Racial Stratification Another New Chapter Addresses A Variety Of Questions From Readers Of The First Edition And He Has Updated The Book Throughout With New Information, Data, And References Where Appropriate The Book Ends With A New Postscript, What Is To Be Done For Real As In The Highly Acclaimed First Edition, Bonilla Silva Continues To Challenge Color Blind Thinking


10 thoughts on “Racism without Racists: Color-Blind Racism and the Persistence of Racial Inequality in the United States

  1. says:

    A very interesting book, and one that almost feels as though it s telling you things you already knowand of course it is It s documenting how many whites understand their reality and justify it, so if you ve spent any time awake and alive in the world, much of this will sound very familiar But I think it s good to bring a critical academic eye to it, though at times I felt it was stating the obvious an unfair criticism as I m sure to many folks, all of this is far from obvious He himself gives a rather brilliant paragraph summary of the point How is it possible to have this tremendous degree of racial inequality in a country where most whites claim that race is no longer relevant More important, how do whites explain the apparent contradiction between their professed color blindness and the United States color coded inequality In this book I attempt to answer both of these questions I contend that whites have developed powerful explanations which have ultimately become justifications for contemporary racial inequality that exculpate them from any responsibility for the status of people of color These explanations emanate from a new racial ideology that I label colorblind racism This ideology, which acquired cohesiveness and dominance in the late 196Os, explains contemporary racial inequality as the outcome of nonracial dynamics Whereas Jim Crow racism explained blacks social standing as he result of their biological and moral inferiority, color blind racism avoids such facile arguments Instead, whites rationalize minorities contemporary status as the product of market dynamics, naturally occurring phenomena, and blacks imputed cultural limitations He is clear about how he defines his foundational terms Race is socially constructed and subject to change, yet produces real effects on those racialized as black or white The second term is racial structure , the the totality of the social relations and practices that reinforce white privilege Accordingly, the task of analysts interested in studying racial structures is to uncover the particular social, economic, political, social control, and ideological mechanisms responsible for the reproduction of racial privilege in a society And the third term is ideology the racially based frameworks used by actors to explain and justify dominant race or challenge subordinate race or races the racial status quo Although all the races in a racialized social system have the capacity of developing these frameworks, the frameworks of the dominant race tend to become the master frameworks upon which all racial actors ground for or against their ideological positions He further breaks down how you can analyse racial ideology through its three components common frames, style, and racial stories This I find quite a uesful and very practical breakdown, though I feel that there is surely other levels to analysing ideologyI feel I should know what there is, be able to articulate it, but I ll leave that for the moment as I don t feel articulate at all about it Perhaps it s in his oblique references to Gramsci, or at least reliance on his thought, without delving into its complexity He writes And because the group life of the various racially defined groups is based on hierarchy and domination, the ruling ideology expresses as common sense the interests of the dominant race, while oppositional ideologies attempt to challenge that common sense by providing alternative frames, ideas, and stories based on the experiences of subordinated races.He doesn t often quote directly or cite Hall either, but he s definitely here, especially in considering the flexible nature of such ideologies, the way we wield them quite unconsciously, and the reality that they are rarely internally consistent and not to be demolished by pure logic alone I think this is a good foundational book on how a majority of whites think There is an outline of the four major frames abstract liberalism involves using ideas associated with political liberalism e.g., equal opportunity, the idea that force should not be used to achieve social policy and economic liberalism e.g., choice, individualism in an abstract manner to explain racial matters By framing race related issues in the language of liberalism, whites can appear reasonable and even moral, while opposing almost all practical approaches to deal with de facto racial inequality Naturalization is a frame that allows whites to explain away racial phenomena by suggesting they are natural occurrences For example, whites can claim segregation is natural because people from all backgrounds gravitate toward likeness Cultural racism is a frame that relies on culturally based arguments such as Mexicans do not put much emphasis on education or blacks have too many babies to explain the standing of minorities in society Minimization of racism is a frame that suggests discrimination is no longer a central factor affecting minorities life chances It s better now than in the past or there is discrimination, but there are plenty of jobs out there.For style he relies on a much traditional discourse analysis, but one which really resonate with my own interviews of people when it turns to the subject of race Here is the list First, I document whites avoidance of direct racial language to expressing their racial views Second, I analyze the central semantic moves see below whites use as verbal parachutes to avoid dangerous discussions or to save face Third, I examine the role of projection in whites racial discourse Fourth, I show the role of diminutives in colorblind race talk Finally, I show how incursions into forbidden issues produce almost total incoherence in many whites.And of course storytelling, story telling has been all the rage, and though in my growing up story telling meant lying, I still think it s a key concept though I could wish for a different name He found four major story lines, though there were variations and combinations The major racial story lines of the post Civil Rights era are The past is the past, I did not own slaves, If other ethnic groups have made it, how come blacks have not , and I did not get a job or promotion because of a black man His results chime with experience as wellI never did think academics and educated people were necessarily any less racist, just better at not being obvious, and definitely better at rationalising it They don t even have the excuse that poor people do, of being at the bottom of the heap fighting for every scrap But Bonilla Silve found in fact, that it is working class white women who are the most likely to be non or even anti racist They are the most able to empathise and to understand what other races go through and to be able to see through the rhetoric of colour blindness I would have said myself that geography is very important here, that is an aspect that is mostly missing here in an intentional sense He notes that segregation allows whites to sequester themselves, and that negative stereotypes grow stronger the segregated whites are In terms of breaking down these stereotypes, growing up in mixed neighborhoods tends to help I liked that he also looked at Black opinions and style, though again it is hardly surprising that most don t use the dominant frames, styles and stories, but that some of the frames, particularly that of liberalism, do have some traction This is a foundational book in terms of what people actually think, how they frame and understand things I m excited about why, how this connects to the success or failure of struggle, the building up and tearing down of social structures and etc, but that complements work like this perfectly And I liked that Bonilla Silva is trying to think of how we improve things, change our world He gives a list of 5 ways which I quite like 1 because color blindness has tainted their views, it is of cardinal importance that activists in the new movement educate the black masses on the nuances of color blindness 2 we need to nurture a large cohort of antiracist whites to begin challenging color blind nonsense from within.3 for researchers and activists alike to provide counter ideological arguments to each of the frames of color blind racism.4 we need to undress whites claims of color blindness before a huge mirror That mirror must reflect the myriad facts of contemporary whiteness, such as whites living in white neighborhoods, sending their kids to white schools, associating primarily with whites, and having almost all their primary relationships with whites 5 whiteness must be challenged wherever it exists regardless of the social organization in which whiteness manifests itself universities, corporations, schools, neighborhoods, churches , those committed to racial equality must develop a personal practice to challenge it.6 the most important strategy for fighting new racism practices and the ideology of color blindness is to become militant once again Changes in systems of domination and their accompanying ideologies are never accomplished by racial dialogues the notion of Can we all just get along or workshops on racism through education, or through moral reform 23 alone What is needed to slay modern day racism is a new, in your face, fight the power civil rights movement, a new movement to spark change, to challenge not just color blind whites but also minority folks who have become content with the crumbs they receivefrom past struggles This new civil rights movement, as I have mentioned elsewhere,24 must have at the core of its agenda the struggle for equality of results Progressives cannot continue fighting for equality of opportunity when true equality cannot be achieved that way It is time to demand equality now


  2. says:

    some of my best friends are bookslol


  3. says:

    One reason why, in general terms, whites and people of color cannot agree on racial matters is because they conceive terms such as racism very differently, writes Eduardo Bonilla Silva writes in the excellent first chapter of his excellent book Racism without Racists He continues, Whereas for most whites racism is prejudice, for most people of color racism is systemic or institutionalized This is really the crux of his argument in the post Jim Crow racial order, prejudice is frowned upon by virtually everyone even David Duke former Grand Wizard of the KKK claims that he s not racist, merely pro white and yet the situation of black people as a whole has not improved much since the 1960s This is the racism without racists of the title that despite ostensibly good intentions and a lack of conscious bias, the racist legacy segregation, anti miscegenation, unequal schools, unequal housing, discrimination, police brutality, etc is still firmly in place As Bonilla Silva shows in interviews, many white racial progressives who are supportive of people of color in the abstract are either hesitant to support or even oppose any policies that would actually ameliorate the racist circumstances we find in our country.This book is great It s obviously well researched the average number of footnotes for each chapter is 64, and chapters that don t rely primarily on his studies interviews have up to 191 I have highlighted passages on almost every single page of this book For someone wanting to know what racism looks like in America today, or is dubious that it exists at all, this book is basically a one stop resource to inform this book, along with The New Jim Crow by Michelle Alexander, was assigned reading for a race ethnic relations class I took last year.Bonilla Silva focuses the most on black white relations because blacks are still the racial antithesis of whites in the racial spectrum, but he does examine other racial groups as well The book is also about United States racial relations in particular, although there is a chapter where he briefly discusses Latin American race relations because he believes the US is heading toward a triracial stratification system similar to that of many Latin American and Caribbean nations There is also an excellent chapter on why the Obama presidency does not herald the end of racism as many hoped, and another on the frames of abstract liberalism that people now couch their racism in rather than spewing out and out prejudicial statements.The only blight on this book is that it does, unfortunately, contain some transphobia I cringed when I read this Henrietta, a transsexual school teacher in his fifties Ouch Maybe it stands out so starkly in contrast to the the rest of the book in which the author is so right on, but this purposeful misgendering was just not cool also, does Henrietta identify as transsexual, or is that the author s label As is perhaps evidenced by that example, the book is not particularly intersectional but then, it never claimed to be, as it focuses on race specifically At times the book can get a bit academic, but it isn t of the dry sort, just the detailed.Overall this is a strong, well argued, and really important book that I wish people would read or at least absorb the message of I ve been recommending it and referring to it in conversation over the past year before even finishing it So tackling it one chapter a time is a fine way to read it even reading one chapter would be worth it and hey, look at that, the first chapter is available for free on Google Books 3


  4. says:

    People are going to tell you that EBS s argument is tautological That s not totally without merit but you have to understand that the interviews are with individuals but the argument is about culture Culture arguments stay being tautological LOL Hard to get around that It s an important theoretical response to the social psych super micro analysis of racism that makes it seem as though everyone is a racist so no one is really a racist Most importantly, EBS is a hoot to read Third edition, 6th para of forward he basically thanks all his haters It s one of the great academic gangsta moments of all time.


  5. says:

    I am p unfamiliar with sociological methods and such so I don t know if I can rate this on the Robustness of his Research but I do think this is a pretty comprehensive survey analysis of Word Tricks White People Use I don t see color I also appreciate that he got Straight To The Point about eg it was almost like the New Jim Crow but roaringly upset NJC was like sad can you believe this and Bonilla Silva is like SAD CAN YOU BELIEVE THIS I also think an analogous and slightly different version of his racial frames would apply to recent Chinese immigrants although by his analysis it seems that education isn t really the factor that unblinds colorblinds but instead it s some ability to articulate and recognize the effects of ongoing discrimination in ones own life too which is useful as in rhetorical kits but perhaps discomforting because like the intersection of respectability and colorblindness predictions of a triracial society maybe ironically delayed not by progressive agitation but instead a bigly orange trash bag Kevin Wang, Willy Xiao, Meghan McKenzie what are your thoughts on your Eye Condition being appropriated by society etc as a neutralizing political term that perpetuates white male hegemony please discuss thank you


  6. says:

    This is a fairly academic book, which means it goes heavy on the theoretical language at times and would alienate a general audience Nor would it be a good pick to send to white people who tend to see things through the lens of the colorblind racism that s the focus of the book I d recommend it to people involved in activist work because the bulk of the book is about analyzing a series two series, actually of interviews with a bunch of people about racial issues Patterns emerged which Bonilla Silva then tags with useful terminology to identify their occurrence in the wild This is especially useful for white activists who are likely to be using at least some problematic verbal and rhetorical behaviors themselves without being conscious of it, even if they are strongly opposed to racial injustices That s much of the point of the book today s white supremacy is maintained by an army of small effects that are largely invisible to white people, making it insidious than the old style of individual racism that everyone condemns.


  7. says:

    I have a few qualms with this book The biggest is that, although Bonilla Silva claims that pathologizing the internalization of racist beliefs in moral terms is problematic, in areas of the book in which he measures subjects responses via a standard of purity, he does just that Within his analysis, he also allows that the structural has an influence over the cultural but does not grant these concepts a reciprocal relationship Otherwise quite insightful, however.


  8. says:

    Eduardo Bonilla Silva, professor of Sociology from Duke University, examines the linguistic patterns of whites in an age of color blindness with regard to race Interestingly this book was written pre Obama, but reflects much of the colorblind racism in public discourse since his election For Bonilla Silva, racism is not personal that is prejudice but is the result of structural and political practices that isolate whites from people of color in residence, education, and social interaction As a white person who grew up in an all white community, and who raised my family in a predominantly white community, this book is sobering Racism will not be addressed simply by trying to get along ala Rodney King but by a concerted effort to change our social and political and economic discourse Bonilla Silva lays out the challenge for generations to come on this perniciously troubling concern In his final chapters he charts what he sees as the course forward, but that would require a companion book, which I hope he and others will work on


  9. says:

    While old fashioned Archie Bunker racism is no longer acceptable in society for the most part, as I type this in the Trump era , this book looks at how racism has simply become coded Discrimination in housing availability, in education opportunities, in banking practices, in policing, and in everyday micro aggressions has put racism under the surface and has made it much subversive Even the way politicians talk about issues like immigration, border security, and community safety are all just sophisticated ways of reinforcing the dominant hierarchy with white people at the top and dark skinned people at the bottom.There s a very interesting chapter on Obama s presidency and how he was much centre or centre right than his public image would lead people to believe Whether this was a strategic choice to get votes or part of his own socialization, it ended in people voting for an abstract liberalism that looked and sounded good on the surface, but which didn t live up to its potential and was ultimately disappointing for people of colour on a policy level I d still take it over Trump and the current political climate in a heartbeat, though I wish I could make everyone read this book It takes a hard look at people s attitudes in a supposedly post racial society and how our under the surface beliefs and behaviours only make racism that much pervasive but difficult to confront because most people legitimately feel they are NOT racist But when they re asked questions about housing or affirmative action, it quickly becomes apparent that their progressive words are a front only used to save face and to avoid the label of racist.


  10. says:

    Going into this I expected a fairly breezy mass market book, probably just from the presentation being one of the few books at my school library not shelved as an intimidating blank hardcover helps But I was pleasantly surprised to see that this is actually an academic sociology book that s very meticulous about its research and evidence It s definitely readable for anyone without a lot of that background, but you should know what you re getting into first Bonilla Silva gives a detailed description of the ideology of colour blind racism and provides a lot of examples to back him up A lot of his observations are very astute, and highlight things I ve seen before but hadn t particularly paid attention to In a lot of places this text challenges its audience to re evaluate their view of racial issues I m also glad to see Bonilla Silva isn t in the ranks of normally astute commentators madly in love with Obama.The major problem with Bonilla Silva s analysis is his narrow focus on issues like affirmative action and bussing as the be all and end all of peoples racial beliefs But even if you can be opposed to these things without being racist and I think you can , the frames people use to argue against them are pretty suspect, and I think that s what this book is best at revealing the subconcious biases that shape the allegedly enlightened.And if nothing else, it s great for pissing off white people, which is a plus in itself.


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